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Different Types of Swords Under Diverse Categories


Since the inception, the swords are regarded as the battlefield weapon representing the power of strength and will. A diverse range of sharpest swords exists from the ancient era of human history.

At present, they are classified into different groups and categories. For an instance, swords which are 14 inches in length are considered as daggers, whereas those range between 14-20 inches are known as dirks.

​For further classification, weapons which are 20-28 inches long are short swords and any sword over 28 inches in length is the long sword. 

Read More: 6 Best Battle Ready One Piece Swords For Decoration

Swords are also grouped under multiple types based upon the blade type or hilt type. Let’s get in touch with exotic types of swords in detail.

1. Two-handed Swords

Two-handed Swords

A two-handed sword is a long sword that is meant to be used with both the hands. They were primarily used by military officers especially between the period 1500-1600.

This specialized weapon was wielded by mercenary soldiers. There are a number of swords that fit under this category named as Greatsword, Claymore, longsword, Doppelhänder, etc.

  • Great swords are two-handed long swords that have the origination from Europe and Asia. They were featured in the Renaissance. They range between 63 to 71 inches in length and are considered too much tall.

  • Claymore is a Scottish two-handed long sword with a strong grip and basket hilt.

  • Doppelhänder is a German two-handed sword that gained popularity in the early decades of the 16th century. It was basically used by German mercenary soldiers.

  • Longsword came into existence in the late Medieval and Rennaissance period. It is longer than a bastard sword.

2. Jian

Jian swords

It refers to a straight sword of China. Its origination dates back to 7th century BC. The sword is largely available in two versions- one-handed version and the larger two-handed version.

3. Edgeless Swords

Edgeless Swords

These are less like a sword and more like a tool. They lack sharp edges, therefore it is quite daunting to use them for hacking and slashing techniques.

Their major function is to carry out rapid thrusting as short length enhances agility and precision. Their utility is also known for piercing iron armor.

4. Curved Swords

Curved Swords

The thick curved swords are meant for slashing attack, chopping items, or any broad sweeping action. Equipped with a single cutting edge, the dull side of this sword’s blade is designed for carrying out defensive actions and blocking techniques.

Some renowned curved swords are classified as Greek Kopis, the Japanese Katana, Chinese Dao, etc.

5. Japanese Sword

Ninja Japanese Sword

These are a powerful fighting weapon of Samurai that come with a deep and graceful curve. They are known for their diverse range that differ in size, design, method of manufacturing, and functioning.

Some common Japanese swords are Tanto, Wakizashi, Ninja, Katana, Tachi, Nodachi, etc. Most of the Japanese swords are categorized on the basis of their length.

6. Asian Swords

Asian Swords

Asian Swords are the most exotic types of swords that come in every variety like straight, double-edged, and single-edged swords.

Among all Asian swords, the most distinguished one is the Japanese Swords, particularly the Katana sword which is capable of cutting a whole man. Asian swords have a high utility meant to cut human flesh and bone.

7. Egyptian Swords

Egyptian Swords

The elongated version of daggers and dirks are referred to as Egyptian Swords. These are bronze weapons used as a weapon of last resort.

8. Chinese Swords


Chinese swords are made up of high carbon content instead of stainless steel. They are characterized as lean and sharp and equipped with a single fuller in the middle. Jian and Dao are the two most common types of Chinese swords.

Let's Conclude:

Swords are widely used since ancient times. Depending upon the length, geographic and cultural region, and functions; swords are classified into innumerable types.

Some people love the aesthetic look of the swords, while others drool over its dexterity and sharpness. The quality of the swords has seen a major improvisation with the passage of time. Depending upon your personal preference and needs, you can make an informed choice.


1. Which swords are listed under one-handed swords?

Here is a list of straight one-handed swords:

  • Arming Sword
  • Backsword
  • Basket-hilted sword
  • Chokuto sword
  • Firangi sword

2. Are swords like big knives?

The design of a sword is far more complex than a knife. Flexibility, balance and vibration are far more critical in a sword-length blade than in a knife-length blade.

3. Were swords made to cut through armour?

Period armour was often working and case hardened and curved such that it is difficult to hit at a right angle. Late Medieval thrusting swords were used to thrust into the gaps in armour, not through the plate.