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Types of Japanese Swords

Types of Japanese Swords

Japanese Sword, a robust & world's sharpest sword, is a perfect amalgamation of excellent strength and artistic beauty. The structure of the sword and grain and the temper pattern along the sword defines the true beauty of these types of swords.

Since its origination, they are treated as a fighting weapon. However, with the passage of time, the Japanese Swords have evolved and are available in multiple designs, and sizes. You can make a selection depending upon the functions performed by each sword and your field of application.

​Below is a detailed list of different types of Japanese Swords that differ from each other on the basis of the method of manufacturing and physical traits. 


Before buying the one, don’t forget to pay attention to each one’s blade, scabbard and mei which are undoubtedly three prime parts of a sword.

1. Katana Japanese Sword

Katana Japanese Sword

A reputed Japanese Sword, Katana came into existence during the Muromachi period when the warriors required sharp and fast weapons to attack their enemy. It is popularly known as Samurai Sword owing to its association with the Samurai class of feudal Japan.

It comes equipped with unique characteristics that make it stand out from other types of swords.

Its single-edged blade with 24inches – 31inches in length is defined as curved, sharp, and lean. The sword has a long handle which makes it possible to be held easily with both the hands.

Its single-edged blade with 24inches – 31inches in length is defined as curved, sharp, and lean. The sword has a long handle which makes it possible to be held easily with both the hands.

Also Read: 6 Best Battle Ready One Piece Swords For Decoration

2. Tachi Japanese Sword

Tachi Japanese Sword

Similar to Katana, Japanese Tachi Sword is the predecessor of the former blade. They are differentiated on the basis of length, blade fittings, and the way they are worn.

​The Tachi Sword was used by warriors on the horseback intended to attack the enemy’s foot and shoulders. It comes equipped with a curvier and longer blade than that of Katana’s blade. It is worn suspended with the edge downwards.

3. Nodachi Japanese Sword

Nodachi Japanese Sword

Similar in appearance to Tachi sword, Nodachi Sword is known for their extra-long length. This two-handed Japanese sword was largely used by foot soldiers in the battlefields.

​It was also used in ceremonies. It comes equipped with a 50 inches blade making the sword as the ‘field sword’.

4. Wakizashi Japanese Sword

Wakizashi Japanese Sword

A traditional small sword, Wakizashi Japanese Sword is referred to as Companion Sword. It comes equipped with a blade with 30-60cm in length.

​It was primarily used as a backup weapon to kill the enemies and commit ritual suicide. In the old times, it was used in composition with Katana by Samurai Warriors. When they were used together, Wakizashi was used as a side weapon.

5. Ninja Japanese Sword

Ninja Japanese Sword

The legendry Ninja Sword is popularly referred to as Ninjaken or Shinobigatana. They were largely used by warriors dressed in black and the Shinobi class of feudal Japan.

The legendry Ninja Sword is popularly referred to as Ninjaken or Shinobigatana. They were largely used by warriors dressed in black and the Shinobi class of feudal Japan.

6. Kyu Gunto Japanese Sword

Kyu Gunto Japanese Sword

In terms of grip and balance, Kyu Gunto Japanese Sword resembles a Katana sword. Popularly known as the old military sword, it was largely used by offices of the Japanese military and post the Meiji Restoration. When it comes to appearance, it is much like a western-style sabre sword.

6. Kaiken Japanese Sword

Kaiken Japanese Sword

Also termed as a dagger or a kind of deadliest knife, Kaiken Japanese Sword is too small in size. It was mainly used by the samurai class in Japan for self-defense in the indoor areas. It can be easily carried in a pocket or sleeves to save oneself while moving out. It comes equipped with a double-edged blade with 20-50cm in length.

Let's Conclude:

Pride of Japanese people, a Japanese Sword is a symbol of strength and vigor. Endowed with deep and graceful curves, they augment the fighting spirit of the warriors. There is a huge variety of Japanese Swords available in the market.

Each has its own functions, characteristics, pros, and cons. Before investing in the particular type of sword, dig deep into their utility and functions.

FAQ's

1. Why are Japanese Swords curved?

Japanese swords got a curvy design from the trial and error process. This also owes to a humid climate like Japan where metal corrodes easily and quickly. Taking ideas from China and Korea, they settled on a curved design.

However, the depth of the curve of each Japanese sword differs. Warriors noticed that curved swords offer them additional benefits.

2. Are Japanese swords the best swords?

Though Japanese swords are every effective cutting tool and are widely used as a fighting weapon, but it would be wrong to say that Japanese swords are the best swords.

There are many other efficient armed combat tools available that carry out the job better than the Japanese swords.

3. What is Japanese Sword made up of?

A Japanese sword is made up of refined raw materials of iron sand or iron ores. These are heated, hammered together, ponded out, and then folded. The entire process is extremely laborious and time-consuming.

4. List the legendry Japanese Swords?

  • Kogarasu Maru
  • Dōjigiri Yasutsuna
  • Mikazuki Munechika
  • Ōtenta-Mitsuyo
  • Juzumaru-Tsunetsugu
  • Onimaru Kunitsuna
  • Honjo Masamune